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Myopia Q&A:

Myopia is also nearsightedness or shortsightedness, is the inability to see distant images or objects clearly.Myopia can be corrected using corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses.

What causes myopia?

Myopia is sometimes hereditary, and begins in childhood to the age of 20, and will usually plateaus.
Environmental factors or health problems may also lead to myopic changes and progression in adulthood:● Excessive near work can create a false or “pseudo” myopia. Constant near focus or stress then leads to myopia change.● Diabetes and cataract changes can lead to myopic shifts.Night myopia, which is experienced at night, may be caused by difficulty focusing in low light.

Signs and symptoms of myopia:

● Blurry distance vision Squinting at distance Excessive use of electronicsHolding books close to the eyes

What is myopia management?

Myopia management is a treatment program to slow the progression level of myopia and help reduce your risk of developing serious sight-threatening eye diseases.
Myopia management has shown to decrease myopia progression by up to 78 percent.
Myopia management can involve the use of eyeglasses, contact lenses, and eyedrops.
● Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are a popular choice because they are easy and comfortable to wear. A correct prescription for near vision reduces stress on the eyes and can help with the progression of myopia.
Contact lenses:Contact lenses provide clear vision and a wider field of view as compared to eyeglasses. Multifocal contact lens improves distance vision acuity while reducing the stress on the eyes for reading and other near tasks. This can ultimately reduce myopia progression.
● Atropine eye drops:A very low dose of this eye drop mildly dilate the pupils and helps to destress the eyes at near tasks.
Side effects may include blurry near vision and light sensitivity. Regular glasses or contacts are still required during the day, but the eye drops can assist in slowing myopia progression.
Orthokeratology (Ortho-k)/ Corneal refractive therapy (CRT): Ortho-k reduces myopia progression with specialized rigid contact lenses that reshape the cornea. The contacts are worn at night to flatten the cornea and helps to focus light on the retina while you sleep.
These contact lenses are inserted before bedtime. Ortho-k provides clear vision the whole day, which will eliminate the need for wearing glasses or contacts during the day.
If you have symptoms of myopia, schedule an eye appointment as soon as possible to prevent the complications of worsening myopia.

Myopia FAQ

  • How is myopia diagnosed?

    Myopia is diagnosed and determined during a comprehensive dilated eye exam.

  • Can myopia cause serious eye health problems?

    A low amount of myopia, usually below -3.00, is usually not a risk to ocular health.
    However, 10 percent of people with myopia can worsen in severity. Degenerative myopia is considered when there is significant or total vision loss.
    Myopia can lead to serious ocular diseases that develop later in life, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment, when not managed.
    The important point is that with myopia management, which is done by your eye doctor, either by eyeglasses, contact lenses, or vision therapy; your eye doctor can help you regain clear vision— and decrease your risk of developing ocular diseases.

  • Is it possible to prevent myopia from worsening?

    Research has shown that certain habits can influence myopia progression. The amount of time we spend in front of televisions, computers, cellphones, and other digital devices, can have damaging effects on our eyes.
    Some important guidelines that help to reduce myopia effects:● Limit your time on your phone.At least take breaks from screen times every hour.Place your screen 18-24 inches away.● Adjust your screen brightness and contrast so that it is more comfortable.● Avoid monitor glare.Blink frequently to prevent dry eyes.

    For all near tasks, follow the 20-20-20 rule— every 20 minutes, look 20 feet away, for 20 seconds.
    Spending time outdoors can also help to reduce myopia progression— eye doctors recommend 60-80 minutes outside every day.

    Spending time outdoors can encourage a healthier lifestyle. Natural light helps give the eye muscles a chance to relax and focus on distant objects.